The 10 Political Experiments On Pakistan In 70 Years

The 10 Political Experiments On Pakistan In 70 Years

Pakistan, a rich fertile land is impregnated with no doubt, groundwater resources. It "is a rich breeding ground of great political minds with heavenly 'resources.

Every ruler, on a democrat or dictator, his elucidation of the building. Here is a summary of the ten experiments in the last 70 years. Pakistan the top 10 political experiences made in the last 70 years:

10. National Government

(1947-1954 and 1972-1977)

Pakistan's first Constituent Assembly worked for nine years without the renewal of his mandate. The house Constituent Assembly, the government, the administration, the Legislature and the founders of the new state as well. Only thing missing from the house of opposition. In the 1972 session, after the division of the West Wing, the East Wing (Bangladesh) Assembly took himself constitution's mandate. Military coup, he enjoyed the position for 4 years.

9. Bureaucratic Rule


Governor Generalship, Indian Railways, the former civil servant forces exercise, Mr. Ghulam Mohammad dissolved the National Assembly headed by Chaudhry Mohammad Ali civilian bureaucracy and military bureaucracy and Major General Iskander Mirza, under the supervision of a bureaucratic model, introduced.

8. Unitary System


All states and provinces in the West Wing, a unit of political experiments on the ground by Pakistan was the administrative merger. Instead of satisfying the requirements of leading comfort to kill all local identities East Wing and West Wing. This system continued for 16 years. Unitary poled provoked polarization in society and the East Wing, West Wing and declared its independence.

7. Presidential System


Khan, who was, by itself, is highly concentrated Job presidential franchise, conceived. Another important feature was the basic element of democratic members, was acting as an electoral college members, councilors and legislative at the same time. Ayub failed as they were indispensable to each other because the system collapsed. The presidential system is one of the 10 political experiences of Pakistan.

6. Civilian Martial Law


The Mujiburrehman shocked by the defeat Mr.Z.A Bhutto made her angry and refused to honor Sheikh Mujibur mandate on the alienation of the West Wing Pakistanis Mujiburrehman. He won the civil and military bureaucracy and threw View out of the furnace. In the second stage, the martial law administrator Yahiya Khan was forced to resign to pay the costs of the war in 1971. Bhutto rose as the undisputed leader of the Pakistan authorities, enjoying the martial law administrator. These are for one year tenure.

5. Military Martial Law


Ayub Khan, Yahiya Khan imposed martial law Ziaulhaq respectively in 1958-1962, 1969-1971, and 1977-1988. I was shrewder than normal Ziaulhaq. Afghan expatriates in Pakistan in these times, in case of a war in the traditional drugs and weapons decade. He said that Zakat is a religious system to federal court, criminal and graduation recognition of seminary degree of degree and citizens of the current system of taxation, burdensome court Hudood Ordinance against Afghan civilians in parallel to the confused by introducing community. As a result, display a hybrid system demoslamic system.

4. Non party system


The 1985 election was held at a bulk feudal system where a non-party, industry and retired military generals. Although regarded among Pakistan's political experiences, the system even includes some positives in Pakistan's political system, to help them to keep at least force the players off the dirt itself politically and downs of politics. I know that.

3. Two Party System


One of the experiences of Pakistan, the 1990s brought two party system in Pakistan, the Pakistan Muslim League (N) and the PPP. He enjoyed music chair during the entire decade of the civil and military establishments. During this period, people discovered corruption cases. The system shattered impartiality of the judiciary and dragged him into politics.

2. State of emergency

(1999-2002, 2007-2008)

In October 1999, General Pervez Musharraf has declared emergency in Pakistan, which is regarded as one of Pakistan's political experiences. Exercise was totally a military coup, but he declared a state of emergency. Musharraf tried to prop up the liberal and moderate Islamic democracy in 2002, but pulled out and re emergency in 2007. He was strongly opposed to this time may not be as successful as the judiciary and civil society resistance. It ended with the end of the high tension Musharraf's resignation.

1. Parliamentary System

(2008- to date)

And the parliamentary system came to power on the principles of mutual understanding. The first day of the peaceful coexistence policy with players from all power systems, military, bureaucracy, judiciary and opposition parties. In addition, this system does not satisfy the majority of people because of corruption cases are extremely temperature rate faster day by day.

10 Political Experiments On Pakistan In 70 Years

  1. Parliamentary System (2008- date)
  2. State of emergency (1999-2002, 2007-2008)
  3. Two Party System (1988-1999)
  4. Non party system (1985-1988)
  5. Military Martial Law (1958-1962,1969-1971,1977-1988)
  6. Civilian Martial Law (1971-1973)
  7. Presidential system (1962-1969)
  8. Unitary System (1954-1970)
  9. Bureaucratic Rule (1954-1958)
  10. National Government (1947-1954 and 1972-1977)