Top 10 The Famous Women Scientists in History
Like any other field, science is still dominated by men in history. Nevertheless, made some unforgettable in computer science, chemistry and various scientific fields braved the patriarchal system that some women were there brightest.
Their contribution to science in a new direction. Without these wonderful women, would not be the way it is today. Now check out our list of famous women scientists in the top 10 on:
10. Ada Lovelace (1815-1852)
British mathematician Ada Lovelace is considered the first computer programmer in the world. Charles Babbage, called the Analytical Engine analysis of computer pioneer, has been the first algorithm. Alan Turing inspired his subjects in his study of modern computers. Programming language developed by the US Department of Defense, is attributed to his name.
9. Dorothy Hodgkin (1910-1994)
Dorothy was a key figure and manage the third woman to win the prestigious Nobel Prize in Chemistry Hodgkin seized. It was a pioneer in the field of X-ray crystallography and biochemistry British scientists were able to confirm the structure of biological molecules. A type of medicine, including insulin and vitamin B12. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1964.
8. Barbara McClintock (1902-1992)
Although the identity and honor came too late for her, Barbara McClintock is probably regarded as the most influential scientist Gregor Mendel, one of the genes below. McClintock has contributed significantly to the field of cytogenetics, and was the first to create a genetic map for corn. The detailed study of the subject, but the scientific world was skeptical about the findings. Later, he admitted, and they ultimately won the Nobel Prize in Physiology in 1983.
7. Maria Goeppert-Mayer (1906-1972)
The German-American scientist, is one of the most important figures in nuclear physics. Although it was a favorite subject of mathematics, he was fascinated by physics later. Meyer is known for proposing the nuclear shell model of the atomic nucleus. He also worked on the Manhattan Project in World War II. After Madame Curie won the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1963, became the second woman.
6. Rosalind Franklin (1920-1958)
Although she was ignored by just lived for 38 years and his associates, is an unforgettable name in the history of science. This biophycist credit, he played a key role in the discovery but has not deserved, DNA structure. After the DNA double helix model of Watson and Crick to locate production of the X-ray diffraction images of DNA.
5. Gertrude Elion (1918-1998)
Gertrude Belle Elion Nobel in Medicine in 1988 for discoveries in drug treatment combined prize. The AZT, used by Dr. George H. Hitchings AIDS treatment with antiretroviral drugs developed by US pharmaceutical. Hitchings with during the four decade-long partnership, they also develop drugs to treat malaria, leukemia and herpes.
4. Irene Joliot-Curie (1897-1956)
Daughter of the famous Marie Curie, Irene Joliot Curie was a renowned scientist himself. They study and radiation follow in the footsteps of her parents. He won the Nobel Prize in chemistry in 1935 for finding artificial radiation. Woman turned silicon into phosphorus and boron-aluminum-magnesium in radioactive nitrogen as well as her husband, Frederick, also.
3. Lise Meitner (1878-1968)
A talented, Lise Meitner was born in Austria in nuclear physics. Ludwig Boltzmann and he studied under the great scientists such as Max Planck, who worked with Otto Hahn discovered the element Protactinium. Meitner had to flee when the Nazis rose to power in Sweden. Meitnerium - although he was denied a Nobel Prize, he was awarded by the scientific world by giving his name to an element later.
2. Jane Goodall (1934)
It is the foremost expert on chimpanzee to the human world. Already studied under the famous scientist Louis delivered from the end of a chimpanzee researcher who graduated. He spent most of his life with his lifestyle chimpanzee document Gombe Stream National Park, Tanzania. The detailed study may shed new light on the lives of the chimpanzee and make discoveries like omnivorous and design tools. Goodall also the UN Messenger of Peace.
1. Marie Curie (1867-1934)
Famous women when considering scientists, was another name for Marie Curie became the first woman, and so far only woman who can match, and the two subjects that Polish French scientists win Nobel Prize twice. At one point or another about his achievements on school children in every country studied. Was famous for his studies at Marie Curie radioactivity. Woman along with her husband Pierre Curie, discovered the elements polonium and radium. He was awarded for studies of radiation, with the physics Nobel in 1903, Pierre-Henri Becquerel. He won a Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1911, for the discovery and isolation of radium. In this study the age of 66 years of overexposure to radiation led to his death from leukemia.